Home Current Training Past Training Client Reviews About Us Contact Us




"Western Anatolia, Turkey"

with Dr. Ilkay Kuscu

August 21 (Mon)  to August 25 (Fri), 2017



Turkey is host of several major metallogenic zones due to the development of a Tethyan magmatic arc along the length of the country. Although Turkey is rich in mineral resources, mining activity only accounts for ~1.5% of the GDP.  This will be increased largely due to the recent discoveries of gold depoists mainly in Western and Central Turkey. In recent years, limitation on exploration by foreign companies have been relaxed, which makes Turkey an increasingly attractive area for mineral exploration & development. This trip will provide an opportunity to see several deposits typical of the Tethyan arcs in an area that has only recently become recognized internationally as a major metallogenic belt.

Join us for an in-depth and comprehensive 5-day lecture and field component tour of 9 of some of the best deposits in the most active economic geology districts in Turkey.




Kestanelik/Sahinli Low Sulfidation Epithermal Au system Deposit

A must-see low sulfidation epithermal Au system with various vein textures

Balya Pb-Zn Mine Mined since ancient times & most likely was the location where the lead & silver for the ancient city of Troy was collected. Underground


Seçeler/Kartaldağ High-sulfidation Epithermal Au Deposit Disseminated, quartz stockwork with limonite, quartz vein and veinlets and brecciated type, hosted by dacite porhyry

Kiziltepe Au-Ag  porphyry Mine

  New mine with 50% owner Ariana Resources having poured their first gold on March 24, 2017


TV Towers High-sulfidation Epithermal and Porphyry Au-Cu Deposit Cenozoic intermediate to felsic volcanic rocks, which were subject to extensive hydrothermal alteration  

Kisladag Au porphyry Mine

The largest gold mine in Turkey, ~157km², ore reserve of 5.523 Moz Au. Tour of Au ore cyanide heap leach facility 


Ağı Dağı high-sulfidation Epithermal Au Deposit Au mineralization at Ağı Dağı is associated with felsic volcanic rocks of Miocene age and a northeast-trending silica cap  

Kula Volcanoes

Show spectacular volcanic morphology with steep cones, maars and plato basalt flows



Samli IOCG Mine

Intermediate mafic dyke & contains iron‐oxide minerals in addition to minor copper bearing sulphide phases








Who is this for?
This tour is for all geologists who are interested in learning more about the geology of this fantastic area.  Great also for possible project generation geologists or geologists looking for new opportunities in joint venture or takeover prospects.  Course is presented and taught in English. There are also opportunities to discuss concepts with Dr. Kuscu in Turkish.

Dr. Ilkay Kuscu:
Is a Geology Professor at Muğla University in Muğla, TURKEY, where all subjects are taught in English.  Dr. Kuscu is a well-renowned Turkish economic geologist.  He received his PhD degree at the Department of Geological Engineering at Middle East (Orta Dogu) Technical University in Ankara, Turkey. He completed a research associateship with the Mineral Deposit Research Unit (MDRU) at The University of British Columbia in 2005-2007 and he is currently the co-leader and key expert of the Eastern Turkish Pontides in MDRU's Western Tethyan Metallogeny project.  He also guided this same tour in 2009, 2011 and 2013.  He has extensive experience with the regional geology and Tethyan-aged metallogenic belts of Turkey. Dr. Kuscu is very well spoken, knowledgeable, and approachable.  
(Photo: Dr. Kuscu, May 2009, speaking in front of the Kula Volcanoes, Turkey)

Geological Overview:

Turkey is an integral part of the Tethyan Belt that extends from the Atlantic Ocean through to the Himalayan Mountains. This belt formed through the Tertiary Period as the Arabian, African, & Indian continental plates began to collide with the Eurasian Plate; these processes are still at work today as the African Plate converges with the Eurasian Plate & the Anatolian Plate escapes towards the west & southwest along strike-slip faults.

The Biga Peninsula in western Turkey is known to be one of the most prospective belts for porphyry, skarn & epithermal style Cu-Au mineralization along this belt. Mineralization is related to extensional tectonics & magmatism spanning in age between early-middle eocene and micoene in western Anatolia.

Participants will gain:

  • Knowledge of the regional geology, tectonics, magmatism, & metallogenic belts in the western Anatolia region of Turkey.
  • An understanding of the geological framework, geochronology & genesis of magmatic arc-related deposits such as Cu-Au porphyry systems, low-sulfidation epithermal Au systems, and Fe & Fe-Cu skarn mineralization.
  • A review and an overlook of various exploration techniques and tools by industry for finding mineralization in western Anatolia, including geochemical analysis, ground geophysical surveys, & drilling operations.
  • An understanding of open pit mining, tank and heap leach gold extraction processes.

Price includes:

  • ½ Day - Geology of Western Turkey shortcourse
  • All Deposits/Mine tours
  • Small group size of maximum 24 participants
  • Geology guidebook with pre-selected relevant papers
  • Trip final report
  • Trip photos, including detailed rock photos
  • Dr. Ilkay Kuscu's geological guidance for the duration of the trip
  • Ms. Karie Smith’s assistance for the duration of the trip
  • 3, 4, or 5-star accommodation as double-occupancy with in-room wireless internet as available; gentleman & ladies will have separate rooms. (Single occupancy is available for an extra fee)
  • All transportation in newer, comfortable, & air-conditioned 9 to 22-seater vans
  • All meals


Field course: 5 full days (5 nights) Aug 21 to 25, 2017

$2800 CAD Early registration by July 7, 2017

$3100 CAD Late registration after July 7, 2017

 (Field Course starts in Çanakkale and ends in Usak Transportation to Çanakkale and from Usak is the responsibility of the participant)

Space is limited for all Couses. Register early to avoid disappointment.
KLS Geological reserves the right to cancel Short Course that do not meet minimum attendance requirements.

Minimum of 10 participants required by the early registration date
Maximum of 25 participants overall

Payments accepted by cheque, wire and bank transfers, and all major credit cards


Please find the course registration form here

Please contact Karie Smith at karie@klsgeo.com for more information or to register....






© KLS Geological Tours. All rights reserved.                                 Ph: +1-604-367-8898       Fx: +1-604-536-8635                         info@klsgeotours.com