Home Current Tours Past Tours About Us Client Reviews Pay Here Contact Us

 

June 09 (Thu) to June 25 (Sat), 2011

Turkey - Western Anatolia

Please also see the tour brochure PDF for many more details on the tour.

Economic Geology Deposits/Courses:  

  1. 1/2 day Geology of Western Turkey shortcourse
  2. Halilaga Cu-Au porphyry - The only site in Turkey where porphyry  (0.3 to 0.5 g/t Au,  0.3 to 0.5 % Cu), skarn, & high sulfidation epithermal systems are seen together as possibly part of one mineralizing event
  3. Sahinli* Low Sulfidation epithermal Au system - A must-see low sulfidation epithermal system with various vein textures
  4. Balya Pb-Zn - Mined since ancient times & most likely was the location where the lead & silver for the ancient city of Troy was collected
  5. Samli IOCG - Intermediate mafic dyke & contains iron‐oxide minerals in addition to minor copper bearing sulphide phases
  6. Ayazmant Fe-skarn - Like Samli but the mineralization is hosted within an andesite porphyry (endoskarn)
  7. Ovacik Epithermal - Gold‐bearing epithermal quartz brecciated veins hosted by subaerial andesite porphyries
  8. Kisladag Au porphyry - The largest gold mine in Turkey
  9. Kirka Borate - State‐owned Kirka mine is the largest borate deposit in the world. 

Geology Sites/Activities:

  1. Kula Volcanoes - walking tour
  2. Muğla University tour - A tour of the lab facilities and the campus.
  3. Pamukkale - “Cotton castle” in Turkish. Terraces of calcium carbonate.

Historical/Sight-Seeing:  Istanbul, Çanakkale Trojan Horse, Acropolis of Pergamum, Sardes, Ephesus, Sailboat Day tour, Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, Turkish Hamam experience and Hierapolis

* not confirmed and may be replaced with Koru Pb-Zn deposit

  Geological Tour Guide:   Dr. Ilkay Kuscu, Geology Professor, Muğla University, Muğla, TURKEY


Dr. Kuscu is a well-renowned Turkish economic geologist.  He studied at the Department of Geological Engineering at Middle East Technical University (Ankara, Turkey); completed a research associateship with the Mineral Deposit Research Unit (MDRU) at The University of British Columbia in 2005-2007; and he also guided this same tour in 2009.  He is now a Geology Professor at Muğla University, where all subjects are taught in English.  Dr. Kuscu is very well spoken, knowledgeable, and approachable.  We are lucky to have him as a guide.  
(Photo courtesy of K. Smith - Dr. Kuscu, May 2009, speaking in front of the Kula Volcanoes, Turkey)

Turkey is the host of several major metallogenic zones due to the development of a Tethyan magmatic arc along the length of the country. Although Turkey is rich in mineral resources, mining activity only accounts for ~1.5% of the GDP. This is largely due to control over the mining industry by the government; however in recent years, limitations on exploration by foreign companies have been relaxed, which makes Turkey an increasingly attractive area for mineral exploration & development. This trip will provide an opportunity to see several deposits typical of the Tethyan arcs in an area that has only recently become recognized internationally as a major metallogenic belt.

Highlights: 

ECONOMIC GEOLOGY MINE AND DEPOSIT TOURS:

 

Halilaga Cu-Au porphyry Deposit:

The only site in Turkey where porphyry  (0.3 to 0.5 g/t Au,  0.3 to 0.5 % Cu), skarn, & high sulfidation epithermal systems are seen together as possibly part of one mineralizing event.

Ayazmant Fe-skarn Mine:

Like Samli but the mineralization is hosted within an andesite porphyry (endoskarn). Reserves ~5.5Mt ore at grade of 0.8%Cu, 65% Iron, recovery of 65%

 

Sahinli* Low Sulfidation epithermal Au system

Deposit:

A must-see low sulfidation epithermal Au system with various vein textures

Ovacik Epithermal Mine:

Gold‐bearing epithermal quartz brecciated veins hosted by subaerial andesite porphyries

 

Balya Pb-Zn Mine:

Mined since ancient times & most likely was the location where the lead & silver for the ancient city of Troy was collected

Kisladag Au porphyry Mine:

The largest gold mine in Turkey, ~157km², ore reserve of 5.523 Moz Au. Tour of Au ore cyanide heap leach facility 

 

Samli IOCG Mine:

Intermediate mafic dyke & contains iron‐oxide minerals in addition to minor copper bearing sulphide phases

Kirka Borate Mine:

Plus Kula Volcanoes

State‐owned Kirka mine is the largest borate deposit in the world.  Kula Volcanoes walking tour.

 

CULTURAL, HISTORICAL AND GENERAL GEOLOGY TOURS:

 

Istanbul

One of the largest cities in the world, only city on 2 continents. Sultan Ahmet, Haghia Sophia, Basilica Cistern, Grand Bazaar, Bosphorus Tour

Bodrum Sailboat Tour + an Ancient 7 wonder

Ancient style sailboat coastal tour, showing andesitic lava flows & ignimbrite units. Mausoleum of Halicarnassus

 

Acropolis of Pergamum + Sardes

                        

Containing the 2nd best Library in the Greek civilization. Sardes ancient Lydian Kingdom, 1st to invent the gold coin

Muğla University visit

A tour of the lab facilities and the campus.

 

Ephesus

Best well-kept Roman ruins. At its prime in the 100 BC, it had a pop. of 250,000, making it the 2nd largest city in the world at the time

Pamukkale + Ancient city of Hierapolis + thermal pool

Terraces of calcium carbonate. Cleopatra swam in this thermal pool with temp of about 38C

 

 

 

 

SPACE IS LIMITED!                                                                                                               REGISTER EARLY!

GEOLOGICAL OVERVIEW:

Most of Turkey is part of the Alpine Mountain Belt that extends from the Atlantic Ocean through to the Himalayan Mountains. This belt formed through the Tertiary Period as the Arabian, African, & Indian continental plates began to collide with the Eurasian Plate; these processes are still at work today as the African Plate converges with the Eurasian Plate & the Anatolian Plate escapes towards the west & southwest along strike-slip faults.

The Biga Peninsula in western Turkey is known to be one of the most prospective belts for porphyry & epithermal style Cu-Au mineralization along this mountain belt. Mineralization is related to extensional tectonics & magmatism along the Neo-Tethyan metallogenic belt in western Anatolia, Turkey: a major zone of magmatic arc-related mineralization that extends across central & southeast Europe, Turkey, Iran, Pakistan, through the Himalayan region into Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia & Papua New Guinea. It contains a wealth of large ore deposits.

Participants will gain:

  • Knowledge of the regional geology, tectonics, magmatism, & metallogenic belts in the western Anatolia region of Turkey.
  • An understanding of the geological framework & genesis of magmatic arc-related deposits such as Cu-Au porphyry systems, low-sulfidation epithermal Au systems, Fe & Fe-Cu skarn mineralization, & the world’s richest borate district.
  • A review and an overlook of various exploration techniques and tools for finding mineralization in western Anatolia, including geochemical analysis, ground geophysical surveys, & drilling operations.
  • An understanding of mineralization in oxide, leached & supergene enrichment zones, open pit mining, & heap leach gold extraction processes.

Fee includes:

  • Small group size of maximum 19 participants
  • Geology guidebook with pre-selected relevant papers
  • Trip final report
  • DVD of trip photos, including detailed rock photos
  • Dr. Ilkay Kuscu's geological guidance for the duration of the trip
  • Ms. Karie Smith’s assistance for the duration of the trip
  • ½ Day - Geology of Western Turkey shortcourse
  • 3, 4, or 5-star accommodation as double-occupancy with in-room wireless internet as available; gentleman & ladies will have separate rooms
  • All transportation in newer, comfortable, & air-conditioned 9 or 12-seater vans
  • All breakfasts plus 3 Group dinners
  • Ferry tour on the Bosphorous plus Entrance fees to Acropolis of Pergamum, Pamukkale & Ephesus
  • 1-day private sailing boat excursion in Bodrum;   plus 1 Turkish Hamam (bath) experience….

Three price options:                             LAST DAY TO REGISTER IS MAY 9, 2011

1. Flight (roundtrip Vancouver to Istanbul) included option (17 days with travel, Jun 9 - 25): $5000 CAD ($3000 deposit required, $2000 bal due by Apr 15)

2. Flight NOT included option (to/from Istanbul on your own, 14.25 days, Day 2 to Day 16, Jun 10 - 24): $3800 CAD ($1800 deposit required, $2000 bal due by Apr 15)

3. Economic Deposit tour days only (8 days, Day 4 to Day 11, Jun ): $3000 CAD ($1000 deposit required, $2000 bal due by Apr 15)

Payments accepted by cheque, wire and bank transfers, and all major credit cards

FOR MORE INFORMATION OR TO REGISTER:

Please also see the tour brochure PDF for more details on the tour.

Register here by filling in the attached registration form, and sending it back by email, fax or by mail.

Please contact Karie Smith at karie@klsgeotours.com for more information

Daily Intinerary:
Day # Day Date Activities Lodging City
Day 1 Thu June 09 Fly Vancouver to Istanbul about 12 noon flying/time-change
Day 2 Fri June 10 Arrive Istanbul about 5PM (about 7AM PST),  initial group welcome dinner Istanbul
Day 3 Sat June 11 Recover from jetlag, explore Istanbul: Hagia Sofia, Sultanahmet, Bosphorus ferry tour, Basilica Cistern, Grand Bazaar, Turkish Hamam Istanbul
Day 4 Sun June 12 1/2 day shortcourse, take ferry to Bandirma, drive to Çanakkale, complete group welcome dinner Çanakkale
Day 5 Mon June 13 Trojan Horse, Halilaga, Sahinli* Balikesir
Day 6 Tue June 14 Balya, Samli Edremit
Day 7 Wed June 15 Ayazmant Bergama
Day 8 Thu June 16 Ovacik, Acropolis of Pergamum & Sardes Lidya
Day 9 Fri June 17 Kisladağ Usak
Day 10 Sat June 18 Kirka, 3rd group dinner (final for economic deposit only participants) Usak
Day 11 Sun June 19 Kula Volcanoes, Sardes Selcuk
Day 12 Mon June 20 Ephesus Bodrum
Day 13 Tue June 21 Bodrum sailboat tour, Mausoleum (Ancient 7 wonder) Bodrum
Day 14 Wed June 22 Mugla University Tour Denizli
Day 15 Thu June 23 Pamukkale and Hierapolis Balikesir
Day 16 Fri June 24 Drive to Istanbul, final group dinner Istanbul
Day 17 Sat June 25 Depart Istanbul for Vancouver, about 8AM, arrive Vancouver about 6PM n/a
Note: Itinerary and exact days (+/- 1-2 days) to change slightly if necessary. Final trip itinerary and dates will be set no less than 1 month in advance of the trip.

Information about Turkey...

Tourism video on YouTube:

       http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7CBllQ3Uchk

Comprehensive website on Turkey:

       http://www.turkeytravelplanner.com/

More websites:

       http://www.tourismturkey.org/

       http://www.goturkey.com/

 

 
 
 

 

 

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

© KLS Geological Tours. All rights reserved.                                 Ph: +1-604-367-8898       Fx: +1-604-536-8635                         info@klsgeotours.com